Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) (or "Benign paroxysmal vertigo") is a condition caused by problems in the inner ear. Although its cause is not certain, it is most likely due to a build up of calcium in the semicircular canals of the inner ear. The principle symptom is a sudden, intense feeling that either one is spinning or the room is spinning, which usually occurs with movement of the head. Other symptoms may include nausea or vomiting. Treatment for this condition includes the medicine meclizine or repositioning techniques, The Epley and Semont Maneuvers, employing gravity to move the calcium buildups that are causing the condition. more...
Cautions in treatment and management of vertigo include cautions against the sedative effect of meclizine, which can produce extreme drowsiness. Also, vertigo, nausea, and vomiting are very early signs of stroke and early signs of brain tumor, so anyone with these symptoms should take immediate steps to rule out these problems and confirm the diagnosis of BPPV.
Once the condition is diagnosed and other problems ruled out, home treatment may include use of the Brandt-Daroff Exercises or, if the affected ear is known, a self-treatment version of the Epley maneuvers.
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