Congenital syphilis is syphilis present in utero and at birth, and occurs when a child is born to a mother with secondary or tertiary syphilis. more...
According to the CDC, 40% of births to syphilitic mothers are stillborn, 40-70% of the survivors will be infected, and 12% of these will subsequently die.
Manifestations of congenital syphilis
- abnormal x-rays
- Hutchinson's teeth (centrally notched, widely-spaced peg-shaped upper central incisors)
- mulberry molars (sixth year molars with multiple poorly developed cusps)
- frontal bossing
- saddle nose
- poorly developed maxillae
- enlarged liver
- enlarged spleen
- other skin rash
- lymph node enlargement
- snuffles, the name given to rhinitis in this situation.
- rhagades, linear scars at the angles of the mouth and nose result from bacterial infection of skin lesions
Death from congenital syphilis is usually through pulmonary hemorrhage.
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