Amitriptyline hydrochloride (sold as Elavil®, Tryptanol®, Endep®) is a tricyclic antidepressant drug. It is a white, odorless, crystalline compound which is freely soluble in water and usually dispensed in tablet form. The empirical formula of its hydrochloride salt is C20H23N·HCl. more...
Mechanism of Action
Amitriptyline affects serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake almost equally.
Amitriptyline is approved for the treatment of endogenous depression and involutional melancholia (depression of late life, which is no longer seen as a disease in its own right), and reactive depression and for depression secondary to alcoholism and schizophrenia.
Amitriptyline may be prescribed for other conditions such chronic pain, postherpetic neuralgia (persistent pain following a shingles attack), fibromyalgia, interstitial cystitis, or irritable bowel syndrome.
A randomized controlled trial published in June of 2005 found that amitriptyline was effective in functional dyspepsia refractory to famotidine and mosapride combination therapy.
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