Esotropia is a form of strabismus where one or both of the eyes turn inward (often called "lazy eye"). The most common type of esotropia occurs in approximately one to two percent of the population. Treatment options include glasses with prism lenses, vision therapy, orthoptics, and/or eye muscle surgery. more...
Accommodative esotropia is associated with activation of the accommodation reflex.
Congenital esotropia, or infantile esotropia, is a variation that occurs very early in life, generally developing within the first three months of an infant's life. Children with congenital esotropia usually cross fixate, meaning that they use either eye to look in the opposite direction, and often show preference by fixating with the dominant eye. True congenital esotropia is best treated by early aggressive surgery, often repeated a second or even third time.
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