You routinely administer combination drugs.. but do you know what's in them? To find out, match each combination of ingredients in Section II with its correct name in Section I.
1. Talacen (Sanofi)
2. Augmentin (SmithKline Beecham)
3. Vitelle Irospan (Fielding)
4. Tussionex (Medeva)
5. Ovcon (Warner Chilcott)
a. pentazocine hydrochloride equivalent to 25 mg base; acetaminophen, 650 mg
This prescription drug helps relieve mild to moderate pain. Pentazocine, an opioid, provides potent analgesia with minimal risk of respiratory depression. Acetaminophen is a nonopioid analgesic. Warn your patient not to take more than six caplets a day.
b. ferrous sulfate, 200 ing (containing iron, 65 mg); ascorbic acid, 150 mg
Indicated for iron deficiency, this extended-release supplement contains iron from exsiccated ferrous sulfate and ascorbic acid (to enhance absorption). Tell your patient that taking this medication may cause her stools to appear black.
c. each 5 ml contains hydrocodone polistirex equivalent to 10 mg of hydrocodone bitartrate; chlorpheniramine polistirex equivalent to 8 mg of chlorpheniramine maleate
Prescribed to relieve cold symptoms, this extendedrelease suspension contains hydrocodone, an opioid antitussive, and chlorpheniramine, an antihistamine that relieves nasal itching and dries secretions. Warn your patient that this drug may cause drowsiness.
d. this formulation contains norethindrone, 0.4 mg; ethinyl estradiol4 0.035 mg
Containing the estrogen, ethinyl estradiol, and the progestin, norethindrone, this oral contraceptive may cause breakthrough bleeding and spotting during the first 3 months, but these problems typically subside.
e. amoxicillin, 875 mg; clavulanate potassium, 125 mg Used to treat lower respiratory tract infections caused by certain strains of Haemophilus influenzae, this combination contains amoxicillin, a penicillin antibiotic, and clavulanate potassium, which inactivates a bacterial enzyme that can inhibit amoxicillin. Tell your patient to take it with food to prevent GI upset.
ANSWERS: 1a, 2e, 3b, 4c, 5d.
Copyright Springhouse Corporation Mar 2001
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