Cotinine is a break-down product of nicotine from cigarette smoke. Cotinine typically remains in the blood between 48 and 96 hours. The level of cotinine in the blood is proportionate to the amount of exposure to tobacco smoke, so it is a valuable indicator of tobacco smoke exposure, including secondary smoke. Women who smoke menthol cigarettes retain cotinine in the blood for a longer period. Race may also play a role, as blacks routinely register higher blood cotinine levels than whites. more...
Several variable factors, such as menthol cigarette preference and puff size, suggest that the explanation for this difference may be more complex than gender or race.
Drug tests can detect cotinine in the blood, urine, or saliva.
The word 'cotinine' is an anagram of 'nicotine'.
Chemical Name: (S)-1-methyl-5-(3-pyridinyl)-2-Pyrrolidinone
Synonymes: Cotinine; (-)-Cotinine; 1-Methyl-5-(3-pyridinyl)-2-pyrrolidinone;
Chemical Formula: C10H12N2O
Molar mass: 176.22 g/mol
There is some research being done on the memory and brain-function improving effects of cotinine. Cotinine (as well as nicotine) appears to improve memory function, and prevent cell death. For this reason it has been studied for effectiveness in treating Alzheimer's disease.
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