The primary health effect of Chernobyl has been widespread psychological distress in liquidators (workers brought in for cleanup), evacuees, residents of contaminated areas, and residents of adjacent noncontaminated areas. Several psychoneurological syndromes characterized by multiple unexplained physical symptoms including fatigue, sleep and mood disturbances, impaired memory and concentration, and muscle and/or joint pain have been reported in the Russian literature. These syndromes, which resemble chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia, are probably not due to direct effects of radiation because they do not appear to be dose related to radiation exposure and because they occur in areas of both high and low contamination.
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Guarantor: LTC Ross H. Pastel, MSC USA
Contributor: LTC Ross H. Pastel, MSC USA
Radiation Pathophysiology and Toxicology Department, Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute, 8901 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20889-5603.
This manuscript was received for review in February 2001. The revised manuscript was accepted for publication in November 2001.
Copyright Association of Military Surgeons of the United States Feb 2002
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