Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) are a group of illnesses that are caused by several distinct families of viruses: Arenavirus, Filoviridae, Bunyaviridae and Flavivirus. Some of these cause relatively mild illnesses, whilst others can cause severe, life-threatening disease. Examples include Lassa fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, Bolivian haemorrhagic fever, Korean hemorrhagic fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever and Dengue hemorrhagic fever. more...
The antiviral ribavirin can be used to treat patients with these diseases. PMID 2546248.
Sites of notable outbreaks
- Mékambo in Gabon is the site of several outbreaks of ebola hemorrhagic fever.
- Orientale, Congo villages of Durba and Watsa were the epicenter of the 1998–2000 outbreak of Marburg hemorrhagic fever.
- Uige Province in Angola is the site of world's worst haemorrhagic fever epidemic.
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