This report summarizes West Nile virus (WNV) surveillance data reported to CDC through ArboNET as of 3 a.m. Mountain Standard Time, November 8, 2005. A total of 42 states have reported 2,653 cases of human WNV illness in 2005 (Figure and Table 1). By comparison, a total of 2,282 WNV cases had been reported as of November 8, 2004 (Table 2). A total of 1,405 (56%) of the 2,490 cases for which such data were available in 2005 occurred in males; the median age of patients was 51 years (range: 3 months-98 years). Dates of illness onset ranged from January 2 to October 21; a total of 86 cases were fatal.
A total of 381 presumptive West Nile viremic blood donors (PVDs) have been reported to ArboNET during 2005. Of these, 88 were reported from California; 57 from Texas; 53 from Nebraska; 22 from Louisiana; 20 from Arizona; 19 from Kansas; 18 from Iowa; 17 from South Dakota; 13 from Oklahoma; 11 from Minnesota; 10 from Illinois; five each from Michigan, New Mexico, and North Dakota; four each from Alabama, Pennsylvania, and Utah; three each from Nevada and Wisconsin; two each from Colorado, Indiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Montana, and Ohio; and one each from Florida, Idaho, Kentucky, Missouri, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, and South Carolina. Of the 381 PVDs, three persons aged 53, 56, and 72 years subsequently had neuroinvasive illness; seven persons (median age: 41 years [range: 17-64 years]) subsequently had other illnesses; and 84 persons (median age: 46 years [range: 17-78 years]) subsequently had West Nile fever.
In addition, 4,227 dead corvids and 902 other dead birds with WNM infection have been reported from 45 states. WNV infections have been reported in horses in 34 states; five dogs in Idaho, Minnesota, and Nebraska; six squirrels in Arizona; and five unidentified animal species in four states (Arizona, Illinois, North Carolina, and Texas). WNV seroconversions have been reported in 1,534 sentinel chicken flocks from 16 stares. Eight seropositive sentinel birds have been reported in Michigan. One seropositive sentinel horse was reported in Minnesota. A total of 11,095 WNV-positive mosquito pools have been reported from 43 states and the District of Columbia.
Additional information about national WNV activity is available from CDC at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/ westnile/index.htm and at http://wesmilemaps.usgs.gov.
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