Chromosome 15q, trisomy
Chromosome 15q trisomy is an extremely rare genetic disorder, caused by a chromosomal aberration in which there is an excess copy of the long ("q") arm of human chromosome 15. The disorder is also known as Distal Duplication 15q and Partial Duplication 15q Syndrome.
The disorder is primarily characterized by stunted growth, mental retardation, and distinctive malformations of the head and face. Additional abnormalities may involve malformation of the skeleton, spine and neck; fingers and/or toes; genitals (particularly in males); and, in some cases, heart problems.