Dextromoramide is the right-handed isomer of the moramide molecule. The left handed molecule is called levomoramide, and a mixture of the two is called racemoramide. Its full chemical name is (+)-1-(3-Methyl-4-morpholino-2,2-diphenylbutyryl)pyrrolidine, and its molecular formula: C25H32N2O2, with an atomic weight of ~392.5. It is one of a group of molecules known as substituted α,α-Diphenyl-γ-Amino-Butyramides. more...
It is a powerful opioid analgesic, and as such is subject to drug prohibition regimes, both internationally through UN treaties, and by the criminal law of individual states.
It was discovered and patented in 1956 by Dr C. Janssen, who also discovered fentanyl, another important synthetic opioid, widely used to treat pain and in combination with other drugs as an anaesthetic. It has the proprietary name Palfium.
In many countries dextromoramide is unused, for example the USA, where it is considered a Schedule 1 drug, alongside cannabis and LSD, as having no medicinal uses.
As is the case with so many drug discoveries, dextromoramide was discovered by accident during research into almost identical compounds, namely α,α-Diphenyl-γ-Dialkyamino-Butyramides, which show no analgesic activity, but are extremely active physiologically as inhibitors of gastric secretions in man.
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